Respiratory course for emergency



1. Oxygen Delivery – Physiology of Pulmonary Gas Exchange
2. Oxygen Therapy
3. Acute Respiratory Failure – Determinants of Oxygenation and Ventilation
4. Respiratory Acid Base Disorder
5. ABG Analysis – Clinical Application
6. ABG Metabolic Disorders
7. ABG Respiratory Disorders
8. Non-Invasive Ventilation
9. Invasive Ventilation
10. General Care of Ventilatory patient
11. Inhaled Bronchodilator Therapy in Mechanically Ventilated patients – Part 1 & Part 2
12. Understanding of heat-lung interaction
13. Difficult Weaning – Part 1 & Part 2
14. Severe Acute Asthma – Part 1 & Part 2
15. Acute Exacerbation of COPD – Part 1 & Part 2
16. Severe Community Associated Pneumonia – Part 1 & Part 2
17. Pulmonary Hypertension – Part 1 & Part 2
18. Application of Lung Ultrasound in Critical Care – Part 1 & Part 2
19. Acute Pulmonary Embolism – Part 1 & Part 2
20. Pleural Diseases in ICU
21. Bronchoscopy in Critical Care
22. Post-Extubation Stridor


Course Outcome :

Given a critically ill patient, the student must be able to determine the presence or absence of respiratory failure, provide for its emergency support, and have a plan of action to subsequently investigate and manage the problem. These actions must be based on a sound knowledge of respiratory physiology, pathology, pathophysiology, and pharmacology.

  1. Recognize the clinical signs and symptoms of acute respiratory failure
  2. Describe the pathophysiology of hypoxemic respiratory failure, list the 6 causes of hypoxemia, and write the alveolar-arterial gas equation
  3. Describe the appropriate management of hypoxemic respiratory failure
  4. Describe the pathophysiology of hypercapnic respiratory failure, and list the physiologic causes of hypercapnia
  5. Discuss the role of oxygen therapy in the treatment of hypercapnic respiratory failure
  6. List the differential diagnosis for an exacerbation of COPD
  7. Describe the appropriate management of hypercapnic respiratory failure
  8. Have a basic understanding of measurements of lung mechanics and pulmonary function tests
  9. Accurately interpret arterial blood gas analysis
  10.  Have a basic working knowledge of the principles of pulse oximetry, capnography, and co-oximetry
  11. Recognize, diagnose, and perform adequate initial investigation and treatment of specific respiratory illnesses including ARDS, cardiogenic pulmonary edema, status asthmaticus, COPD, smoke inhalation, airway burns, near drowning, severe community-acquired pneumonia, nosocomial pneumonia, and aspiration pneumonia, pneumothorax, hemothorax, empyema, massive effusion, pulmonary hemorrhage and massive hemoptysis
  12. Describe the principles and the application of oxygen therapy
  13. Describe the principles and application of mechanical ventilation including knowledge of the various modes of mechanical ventilation, the indications and possible complications
  14. Describe the principles and application of non-invasive ventilatory support (CPAP and BiPAP)
  15. Describe the pharmacology of commonly used drugs including Beta-agonists, anticholinergics, and steroids;